11 Plus Verbal Reasoning

Type O - Complete Word Pairs

With this type of question you are given three pairs of words. The second word from each pair is derived from the first word in some way. The second words include letters from the first words and also sequences of letters from the first words.

You are required to work out the relationships between the first and second words and to find the missing word from the third group.

Lets look at an example:

(SHOUT, SHOT) (SOLDER, SOLE) (FLUTED, ____)

Begin by looking at the first group SHOUT and SHOT. Work out the positions that the letters in the second word occupy in the first word, S is position 1, H is position 2, O is position 3 and T is position 5. The order is 1235.

Next look at the first second group SOLDER and SOLE. Are the positions that the letters in the second word occupy in the first word the same, S is position 1, O is position 2, L is position 3 and E is position 5. The order is 1235.

We have now found the relationship between the letters of the first and second words.
1, 2, 3 and 5.

Now we can use this relationship to work out the second word of the third group.
The letters in position 1, 2, 3 and 5 of the first word FLUTED are F, L, U and E
which make up the word FLUE.

(SHOUT, SHOT) (SOLDER, SOLE) (FLUTED, FLUE)

___________________________

Another variation of this type uses a sequence of one letter along with some of the letters from the first word to form a second word.

Lets look at an example:

(BLOAT, COAT) (CLING, DING) (SHOUT, ____)

By comparing the first and second words in the first two groups, you should notice that the last three letters of the first word form the last three letters of the second word.

(BLOAT, COAT) (CLING, DING)

But the first letter of the second words does not appear in the first word. You need to find a relationship between the first letters.

Notice that if you add one to the first letter of the first word in group 1 then 'B' becomes 'C' which is the first letter of the second word. (The second letter is ignored) and if you add one to the first letter of the first word in group 2 then 'C' becomes 'D' which is the first letter of the second word. (The second letter is ignored).

(BLOAT, COAT) (CLING, DING)

So now we have a rule for converting the first words into the second words - Add 1 to the first letter and keep the last three letters the same - we can complete the third group.

(SHOUT, ____) S becomes T, followed by OUT (SHOUT, TOUT)

(BLOAT, COAT) (CLING, DING) (SHOUT, TOUT)

 

Practice working with Verbal Reasoning Type O
'Complete Word Pairs' with this 
Verbal Reasoning Type O - 'Complete Word Pairs' worksheet

 









CAT4 / 12 Plus papers