11 Plus Non Verbal Reasoning
Type 1 - 'Like Shapes'
With this type of question you are given a number of shapes separated by a vertical line.
The two shapes to the left of the vertical line demonstrate the relationship between the shapes. The shapes to the right of the vertical line can be thought of as the question and possible answers.
Remember that the figures and diagrams consist of lines, shapes and shading/patterns. The shapes can shift in various ways. (rotate, reflect and transpose). The shapes can change in many ways. (increase/decrease, add and copy). They can consist of a movement, size or number sequence.
Look first at the two shapes to the left of the vertical line. The first shape is related to the second shape in some way.
You should see that the second shape is the mirror image of the first shape (or 1st shape rotated 180° to form the second shape). Now you have identified the relationship, look at the shapes to the right of the vertical line.
One of the 5 shapes labelled a, b, c, d or e is related to the shape to the left of the arrow. We know that the relationship is a mirror image (or 180° rotation), so it is just a case of determining which shape is a mirror image of the shape to the left of the arrow.
In this case the answer is 'd'
It is a good idea to cross out the shapes that it definitely cannot be first. In this case it is obviously not a, b or c. Shapes d and e though are very similar - sometimes the differences are subtle, and by crossing out the obvious it can help to focus on the remaining possibles.